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BMR vs RMR

Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) and Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) are two terms frequently used when discussing the body's energy expenditure. While they share similarities, they also have distinct differences that are important to understand.


Both RMR and BMR refer to the number of calories the body burns at rest to maintain basic physiological functions. These functions include breathing, circulating blood, regulating body temperature, and supporting organ function. However, there are some variations between the two.


BMR is defined as the number of calories expended by the body at complete rest, typically in a controlled environment such as when waking up in the morning after a night's sleep. BMR is influenced by factors such as age, gender, body composition, and genetics. It represents the minimal amount of energy required for survival.


On the other hand, RMR is similar to BMR but is measured under less stringent conditions. It takes into account the body's state after a few hours of fasting but without the need for complete rest. RMR is generally higher than BMR due to the slight increase in metabolic activity associated with a non-fasted state.


The main difference between RMR and BMR lies in the measurement conditions and the level of rest required. BMR is typically measured in a lab setting using strict protocols, while RMR is often estimated using equations based on factors like height, weight, age, and activity level.

Understanding these differences is important for individuals interested in weight management.


While RMR and BMR provide useful estimations of energy expenditure, they do not account for physical activity and exercise-related energy expenditure. To obtain a more accurate assessment of daily energy needs, it is essential to consider the thermic effect of physical activity (TEPA) and other factors.

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